Hypnos: Images et inconscients en Europe 1900-1949 (Нypnos: Images and the Unconscious in Europe 1900-1949)
Musée de l’Hospice Comtesse in Lille from March 14th to July 12th 2009 , organized by the Musée d’art moderne Lille Métropole
Hypnos explores the influence of the discovery, and then appropriation, of the unconscious by spiritualist, cubist, dada and surrealist writers, filmmakers and artists from the first half of the 20th century. It travels to European cities such as Berlin, Budapest, Bucharest, Paris, Prague and Zurich finding the response of the imaginary in spiritualism, hypnosis and psychoanalysis.
A selection of the artists included were: Victor Brauner, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, Hugo Hasman, Karel Havilcek, Paul Klee, Hilma af Klint, Josef Kotzian, Josef Kovar, Emma Kunz, Frantisek Kupka, Augustin Lesage, Cecilie Markova, Elise Muller, Francis Piccabia, F Rofelin, Jan Tona, Toyen, and Adolf Wolfli.
There were also many images of spirit photographs showing the materialisation of ectoplasm and levitation which was common in seances of the late nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth centuries
The exhibition was accompanied by an excellent catalogue: Hypnos: Images et inconscients en Europe 1900-1949 ISBN 9782869610804
See our artists page for more information on several of the artists featured in this exhibition.